Data and Facts
Who is working within Berlin’s cultural sector? Who is the boss? And who only works poorly paid jobs or jobs with fixed-terms contracts? Within the last several years how many exhibitions in museums throughout Berlin showcased art by women? How many showcased art by people of Color or women of color? What perspectives are missing from program development processes? Who is underrepresented within the cultural sector?
Is there equity data for the Berlin cultural sector?
When we talk about numbers in the cultural sector we are usually referring to the number of visitors. The cultural administration and the Berlin Tourism Marketing Company along with many cultural institutions collect data on the number of people visiting cultural institutions. They also survey how visitors receive information about programs and if they live in Berlin or are tourists. Often such data is not very meaningful in regards to diversity as exemplified by the category "migration background" applied during such surveys. This category does not distinguish between a person who migrated to Germany from Switzerland and a person who fled from Iran, or wether they are white or a person of color. The latter is confronted with completely different barriers than the former. Not every person with migration background is affected by discrimination and not every person who experiences discrimination based on their (supposed) heritage has a migration background.
A few studies also address working conditions and power structures in the cultural sector or examine gender equity in the industry. We list such meaningful studies here alongside the ones we commissioned, even though in very few cases they take into account intersectional experiences of discrimination.
Which data is collected on account of Diversity Arts Culture?
In many instances data about structural power relations and representation within cultural institutions is missing even though some associations and initiatives have conducted studies on questions of equity – particularly as it relates to women. Data on equity brings attention to the need for action and has the potential to initiate and advance anti-discrimination measures. Diversity Arts Culture has therefore decided to commission the collection of data on equity within the cultural sector. Since we are dealing with highly sensitive data, which could be misused to stigmatize and exclude marginalised art practitioners Diversity Arts Culture's partners follow strict ethical guidelines during data collection. In their brochure “Wer nicht gezählt wird, zählt nicht“ (“Who is not counted, doesn’t count”) the “Vielfalt entscheidet – Diversity in Leadership” project (Citizens for Europe) defines equity data and explains which ethical criteria must be met when collecting sensitive data.
The study "Handlungsoptionen zur Diversifizierung des Berliner Kultursektors" (Options for Action to Diversify Berlin's Cultural Sector) prepared by Citizens for Europe (project: Vielfalt entscheidet - Diversity in Leadership) is based on interviews with managers, staff and others working in Berlin’s independent art scene, the cultural administration, tourism marketing, cultural institutions and the house of representatives. Carried out between July and mid-September 2016 the study offers an introduction to the fundamentals of diversity development. It also points to determining factors and steering tools, which support diversity processes within the cultural sector.
The study "Women in Culture and Media" published by the German Cultural Council covers an investigation period of 20 years (1994-2014), in which the representation of women in culture and media is recorded and certain developments regarding representation are traced. The study only takes two genders into account, but provides nationwide data for different art sectors.
Art.School.Differences is a research project that examined admission procedures and policies at three Swiss art colleges - Haute école d'art et de design Genève, Haute école de musique Genève and Zurich University of the Arts. The aim of the project was to explore the structures of the participating art colleges and to translate the findings into new practice in order to contribute to opening up the institutions.
The pilot study of the cross-association working group Diversity in Literature (participating associations: Bücherfrauen e.V. - Women in Publishing, Mörderische Schwestern e.V., Netzwerk Autorenrechte, PEN-Zentrum Deutschland, Verband deutscher Schriftstellerinnen und Schriftsteller in ver.di) aims to uncover structural problems in the literary sector and to contribute to improving gender equality in the literary sector. For the study, more than 2,000 reviews and literary criticism in print media, radio and television were analysed.
For the study "Power and Structure in Theatre. Asymmetries of Power", almost 2,000 theatre workers were interviewed about working conditions in German theatres. The focus was on questions about power and abuse of power, physical and sexual abuse, working hours, pay and social status.
The study by Themis – center against sexual harassment and violence – is a qualitative interview study conducted in 2019 and published in April 2020. It contains interviews with 16 experts (14 women and 2 men) from the film, television and performing arts industries. Interviewees were asked about some of the following topics: Industry specific characteristics; responses to, as well as experiences with boundaries and the violations of boundaries; and sexual harassment and sexualized violence within their industry. Furthermore, Themis recorded participants’ recommendations and asks.
Focus group interviews with non-visitors and non-actors
In four focus groups, the Vielfalt entscheidet - Diversity in Leadership team of Citizens For Europe asked marginalized cultural workers and people interested in the arts about their experiences of discrimination, how they deal with barriers, their criticism and expectations of the cultural sector, and expectations of politics. In order to preserve the anonymity of the participants, the results were assigned to seven personas.
Der Afrozensus ist eine Studie von Each One Teach One e.V. und Citizens For Europe, an der knapp 6.000 Menschen teilgenommen haben. Die Studie erfasst die Lebensrealitäten, Perspektiven und Diskriminierungserfahrungen der Schwarzen, afrikanischen und afrodiasporischen Menschen in Deutschland und enthält auch einige Ergebnisse zum Kulturbereich.
For this study, Citizens For Europe's Diversity in Leadership team conducted an online survey among the staff of three cultural institutions in Berlin. The aim of this survey was to find out how diverse selected Berlin cultural institutions are in terms of their staff. In addition, the aim was to assess the working atmosphere and to have the employees evaluate the effectiveness of diversity measures in their own institution.
More than 6,000 filmmakers participated in the survey initiated by Diversity in Film. This means that for the first time comprehensive data is now available on filmmakers' experiences of diversity and discrimination - both in front of and behind the camera. The results of the intersectional survey indicate that discrimination is very present in the German film industry and limits the participation of marginalised filmmakers. The survey ran from mid-July to the end of October 2020.